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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 31-35

Knowledge, attitude, and practice of nurses regarding use of anti- Embolism stockings

1 Nursing Officer, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Consultant, Indian Nursing Council, New Delhi, India
3 Professor, College of Nursing, CMC, Vellore, India
4 Professor, Department of Surgery, CMC, Vellore, India
5 Lecturer, Department of Bio statistics, CMC, Vellore, India

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Appropriate thromboprophylaxis can prevent venous thromboembolism - the most prevalent potentially preventable complication among surgical patients. Anti-embolism stockings are a simple and effective mechanical thromboprophylactic modality which is widely used. This study was undertaken to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of nurses regarding the use of anti-embolism stockings. Convenience sampling was used to recruit nurses working in surgical wards of a tertiary hospital. A knowledge questionnaire, an attitude scale and an observation checklist were used in the study. Sixty four nurses were observed for knowledge / attitude and 72 nurses were observed for practice regarding the use of anti- embolism stockings. It was found that 65.6% had moderately adequate knowledge and 90.6% had highly favourable atttitude. Majority of the nurses (91.7%) demonstrated inadequate practice in the use of stockings. Prevention of venous thrombo-embolism and the use of anti- embolism stockings needs to be added as an in-service education topic for nurses and clinical teaching for the nursing students. It can also be considered as a component of health education to the patients. Use of a protocol and documentation form can ensure appropriate use of the anti- embolism stockings. Incorporating this topic in the syllabus and as a procedure in the log book can ensure mandatory learning about use and application of anti- embolism stockings.

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