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ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 43-48

Quality of life of children with asthma and their caregivers


1 Assoc Professor, CON, Christian Institute of Health Science & Research, Dimapur, India
2 Professor, CON, Christian Institute of Health Science & Research, Dimapur, India
3 Professor, College of Nursing, CMC, Vellore, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Asthma ranks as the 14th disorder in the world in terms of the extent and duration of disability, with 14 % of children worldwide experiencing asthma symptoms. Both children and their families are at risk of impaired psychological functioning, well-being, and Quality of Life (QOL). A descriptive study was undertaken to assess the QOL of children with Asthma and their caregivers visiting the outpatient department of a tertiary care center in South India. Using consecutive sampling technique 77 children and 77 caregivers were recruited for the study. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire, designed by the investigator and was validated by experts. Analysis revealed that 65.9% and 54.5% of the children with Asthma had moderate quality of life among the 5-10 and 11-15 year old age groups respectively. Among the caregivers 64.9% had moderate QOL and 2.6% had poor QOL. Demographic variables such as living in urban locality (p=.03), male children (p=0.05), number of days absent in school (p=.01) were significantly associated with poor QOL among children between 11-15 years. A highly significant association was found between the QOL of children and the caregivers (p<.001). Every health professional should take active initiative in planning ongoing Asthma education which can improve the psychological functioning and QOL of both the child and the care giver.


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