|Year : 2018 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 73-74
Sendai framework for disaster risk reduction united nations office for disaster risk reduction
|Date of Web Publication||5-Jun-2020|
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
. Sendai framework for disaster risk reduction united nations office for disaster risk reduction. Indian J Cont Nsg Edn 2018;19:73-4
|How to cite this URL:|
. Sendai framework for disaster risk reduction united nations office for disaster risk reduction. Indian J Cont Nsg Edn [serial online] 2018 [cited 2022 Oct 6];19:73-4. Available from: https://www.ijcne.org/text.asp?2018/19/2/73/286092
The third United Nation’s (UN) conference on Disaster Risk Reduction was held between 14 and 18 March 2015 in Sendai, Japan. The international document on the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (2015-2030) was developed and adopted by the UN members during that conference and it was also endorsed by UN general assembly in 2015. It is the successor to Hyago framework for action (2005- 2015). The emphasis of the framework is to build resilience among nations and communities in disaster to substantially reduce the disaster risk and losses of lives, livelihoods and health in the economic, physical, social, cultural and environmental assets of persons, businesses, communities, and countries. The Sendai framework is a non- binding agreement which recognizes that the state has the primary role to reduce disaster risk but other stake holders need to provide assistance when needed or requested by the state.
The seven global targets to be achieved based on this framework are:
- Substantially reduce global disaster mortality by 2030, aiming to lower the average per 100,000 global mortality rate in the decade 20202030 compared to the period 2005-2015
- Substantially reduce the number of affected people globally by 2030, aiming to lower the average global figure per 100,000 in the decade 20202030 compared to the period 2005-2015
- Reduce direct disaster economic loss in relation to global gross domestic product (GDP) by 2030
- Substantially reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services, among them health and educational facilities, including through developing their resilience by 2030
- Substantially increase the number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies by 2020
- Substantially enhance international cooperation to developing countries through adequate and sustainable support to complement their national actions for implementation of the present Framework by 2030
- Substantially increase the availability of and access to multi-hazard early warning systems and disaster risk information and assessments to people by 2030
The four priority areas for action based on Sendai framework are:
- State has the primary responsibility to prevent and reduce disaster risk, including through cooperation at various levels.
- Shared responsibilities by central Governments and relevant national authorities, sectors and stakeholders.
- Protecting persons and their assets, while promoting and protecting human rights including the right to development.
- All-of-society engagement and partnership.
- Coordination mechanisms within and across sectors and with relevant stakeholders at all levels.
- Empowering local authorities and local communities.
- Multi hazard approach which includes decision making with the risk informed.
- The development, strengthening and implementation of relevant policies, plans, practices and mechanisms
- Understanding the disaster risks at local level and its characteristics enables disaster risk reduction measures.
- Addressing underlying disaster risk factors through disaster risk informed public and private investments rather than sole reliance on post disaster activities.
- “Building Back Better” and increasing public education and awareness of disaster risk during the post disaster period.
- Global partnership and the further strengthening of international cooperation.
- Adequate, sustainable and timely provision of support, including through finance, technology transfer and capacity building from developed countries to developing and underdeveloped countries.
| References|| |
United Nations (2015). Sendai framework for disaster risk reduction (2015-2030). Retrieved from file:///C:/Users/HP/Documents/IJCNE%20articles/Jun e%20Dec%202018/4329l_sendaiframeworkfordrren. pdf