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RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 38-43

Effectiveness of early initiation of breastfeeding on maternal satisfaction with breast feeding among women who have undergone caesarean section and the breastfeeding behaviour of their newborns


1 Nursing Officer, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Professor, College of Nursing, CMC, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, CMC, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Lecturer, Department of Biostatistics, CMC, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Mrs. Rachel Babu Kutty
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/IJCN.IJCN_46_20

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Caesarean sections (CSs) are on a rise globally, with the aim of improving the maternal and newborn outcomes. However, separation of the mother and the baby after caesarean is the most common problem encountered. This is found to be a barrier to early initiation of breastfeeding after CS. An experimental study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of early initiation of breastfeeding on maternal satisfaction and the breastfeeding behaviour of the newborns. A total of 80 women and their newborns were recruited and randomly allocated to experimental group and control group. Breastfeeding was initiated for the experimental group in the recovery room, while for the control group it was initiated in the postnatal ward. The breastfeeding behaviour was assessed using the Preterm Infant Breastfeeding Behaviour Scale, a standardised tool, at the first and second breastfeeding sessions. Maternal satisfaction was assessed using the Maternal Breastfeeding Satisfaction Scale developed by the investigator. The experimental group showed significantly better breastfeeding behaviour than the control group at the first and second breastfeeding after birth with a statistical significance of P < 0.05 the first time and P < 0.001 for the second time. The mean score of maternal satisfaction of breastfeeding amongst women who belonged to the control group was 33.8 as compared to the mean score of 44.07 in the experimental group and the difference highly significant (P < 0.001). Hence, early initiation of breastfeeding is necessary to improve the maternal satisfaction and the breastfeeding behaviour of the newborn


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