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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 143-149

Effectiveness of simulation-based teaching on manual expression of breast milk among mothers of babies admitted in the neonatal unit, South India

1 Jr.Lecturer, College of Nursing, CMC, Vellore, India
2 Professor, College of Nursing, CMC, Vellore, India
3 Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, CMC, Vellore, India

Correspondence Address:
Mrs. Jane Emily Beatrice
College of Nursing, CMC, Vellore, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IJCN.IJCN_137_20

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Feeding sick new born with breast milk is challenging. Mothers of sick infants must express breast milk until their infants are able to feed directly from the breast. Therefore, it is very important to teach the mothers whose babies are admitted in the Neonatal unit about the correct method of manual expression of breast milk. Marmet Hand Expression Technique requires practice, skill and co-ordination. Hence, appropriate teaching method and content is much needed to educate and train the postnatal mothers. The study aims to determine the effectiveness of simulation-based teaching on the manual expression of breast milk. A quasi-experimental research design was undertaken for 6 weeks. Seventy mothers were selected using simple random sampling technique. A knowledge questionnaire and an observational checklist were used to collect data on knowledge and practice from mothers on the Marmet technique of milk expression. Data were collected for the control group with routine teaching in the nursery for the first 3 weeks and the next 3 weeks for the experimental group with simulation-based teaching. Pre-test assessment was made for both groups. Post-test assessment for knowledge was made after 72 h of the teaching. Post-test assessment for practice was made at 24, 48, and 72 h of teaching. The study revealed that there was a statistically significant increase in the knowledge and practice of mothers on the manual expression of breast milk (P < 0.001) in the experimental group. This study identified that simulation-based teaching was an effective teaching tool. Knowledge gained through this research will be used to implement the simulation-based teaching for educating the postnatal mothers on manual expression of breast milk in the Neonatal unit.

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