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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 150-154

Psychometric properties of diabetes attitude measurement scale among patients with Type 2 diabetes

Assistant Professor, Government College of Nursing, Alappuzha, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Athirarani Muraleedharan Rohini
Muralee Gopalam, TC 2/990 (2), KPRA A59 (2), Koonamkulam Lane, Medical College PO, Thiruvananthapuram - 695 011, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IJCN.IJCN_131_20

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Attitude towards the disease is an important determinant of better outcomes in patients with diabetes. It has wide-ranging effects on drug compliance, dietary modifications, self-care and frequency of follow-up. There was no tool in the local language to assess attitude towards disease among diabetes patients comprehensively. The present study intended to assess the psychometric properties of Diabetes Attitude Measurement Scale (DAMS) among patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. A purposive sample of 242 individuals with diabetes was included for validation purpose. A 30-item questionnaire, to identify the attitude towards the diabetes was developed in the local language, by selecting items through literature search, expert opinions and qualitative methods such as in-depth interview and focus group discussions. Item reduction was done by expert opinion based on the endorsement rate and pilot testing and the items were reduced to 22. The psychometric property of the tool was assessed by factor analysis among 242 patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. The final questionnaire had 16 items questionnaire with internal consistency reliability of 0.77 and cumulative variance of 60%. DAMS has adequate psychometric properties to identify attitude towards disease among patients with Type 2 diabetes. The most important clinical implication of tool is that it can be incorporated for the assessment of determinants of glycaemic control.

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