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RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 35-38

Effectiveness of four-square breathing exercise on after-labour pain among post-natal mothers


1 Clinical Instructor, Parul Institute of Nursing, Parul University, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Nursing, Manikaka Topawala Institute of Nursing Charotar University of Science and Technology, Gujarat, India
3 Head, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Nursing, Manikaka Topawala Institute of Nursing Charotar University of Science and Technology, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Ms. Jayshree Satishbhai Vasava
A.P. Thava, Ta. Netrang, Bharuch - 393 130, Gujarat
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/IJCN.IJCN_16_19

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Post-natal period is a joyous yet a challenging period for all mothers. Minor ailments which are physiologically rooted may cause some disruption in the normal routines of motherhood. After-labour pain is one such ailment which often goes unrecognised. The objectives of this study were to assess the level of after-labour pain in post-natal mothers and evaluate the effectiveness of four-square breathing exercise on reducing this pain. This study was conducted on 80 multiparous women recruited from four different maternity hospitals and randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. Experimental group mothers were taught and performed four-square breathing exercise and the control group had standard care. Pre assessment was done at baseline and post-assessment was done on each of the 2 days the exercise or standard care was provided in both control and experimental groups. A visual analogue numerical pain rating scale was used to measure pain. The findings of the study revealed that both control and experimental groups reported significant reduction in pain on post-assessment on 2nd day. The difference in median pain score between control and experimental groups was significant in the post-assessment on the 2nd day. It is concluded that after-labour pain reduces naturally overtime. However, four-square breathing exercise can help in reducing the pain further.


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