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Table of Contents
STUDENT SECTION
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 93-95

Quality of life amongst general public during COVID-19 Lockdown, Tamil Nadu, India


Chettinad College of Nursing, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Submission07-Sep-2020
Date of Decision28-Dec-2020
Date of Acceptance25-Mar-2021
Date of Web Publication07-Jul-2021

Correspondence Address:
Mrs. Rogina J S. Savarimuthu
Chettinad College of Nursing, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijcn.ijcn_95_20

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  Abstract 


COVID-19 is a pandemic disease emerged from Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, in December 2019 and has spread across the globe in an ever rapid rate. An e-survey was conducted to assess the quality of life amongst general public during COVID-19 lockdown, Tamil Nadu, India. The objectives were to assess the quality of life amongst general public during lockdown and to associate the quality of life amongst general public during lockdown with their demographic variables. Majority of the respondents reported moderate-to-good quality of life in all four domains of Quality of Life measured by the Health-Related Quality of Life scale. Domain 3 which is concerned with social relationship was significantly associated with physical illness.

Keywords: COVID-19, lockdown, quality of lifew


How to cite this article:
S. Savarimuthu RJ, Preetha A, Petrishya D P, Praveen L, Kumar K P, Iswariya M. Quality of life amongst general public during COVID-19 Lockdown, Tamil Nadu, India. Indian J Cont Nsg Edn 2021;22:93-5

How to cite this URL:
S. Savarimuthu RJ, Preetha A, Petrishya D P, Praveen L, Kumar K P, Iswariya M. Quality of life amongst general public during COVID-19 Lockdown, Tamil Nadu, India. Indian J Cont Nsg Edn [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Aug 1];22:93-5. Available from: https://www.ijcne.org/text.asp?2021/22/1/93/320828




  Introduction Top


COVID-19 is a pandemic disease that emerged from Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, in December 2019 and has spread across the globe in an ever rapid rate. The morbidity and mortality of those affected has been soaring every day. The definitive treatment for COVID-19 is underway. Every government regularly has been bringing forth rules and regulations to control the spread of the disease, promote early identification, treatment, early recovery, prevent morbidity and bring down mortality. The pandemic disease affects the physical, psychological and mental health of individuals. The fear and anxiety associated with the risk of infection or being a non-symptomatic carrier influences the quality of life of an individual.

Health-related quality of life was reported to be poor amongst those recovered from COVID-19 as they suffered from severe physical and psychological impairment.[1] Amongst oncology clients increased, anxiety and decrement in health status were reported as a direct impact of lockdown during the pandemic.[2]

Respondents from general population reported pain, discomfort and anxiety, depression and the same was significantly high amongst elderly with chronic diseases who feared pandemic effects and worried about contracting the disease.[3] Moderately disrupted quality of life was also reported during the COVID-19 pandemic with emphasis on physical and mental health. Uninfected individuals with chronic diseases reported low level of mental health and physical health as a result of quarantine restrictions that impacted their quality of life.[4] Clients with breast cancer on treatment reported notable deterioration in emotional function, social function and expressed moderate-to-severe loneliness.[5] With these reports in literature as a background, this study was carried out with the following objectives:

  1. To assess the quality of life amongst general public during lockdown
  2. To associate the quality of life amongst general public during lockdown with their demographic variables.



  Methods Top


A non-experimental descriptive research design was used, and an e-survey was conducted on their quality of life during lockdown amongst general public. Using convenient sampling technique, participants who fulfilled the sampling criteria (adults age 18 and above) participated in the study. Web-based link was created on Google Form for filling the survey questionnaire and shared through WhatsApp application encouraging the participants to fill the questionnaire and also to further share the link with others after responding. The participants were invited to participate in the e-survey after consenting to voluntary enrolment in the study.

Instruments

Demographic variables pro forma and the WHOQOL-BREF were used as data collection instruments. The WHOQOL-BREF is a standard tool to assess the quality of life. It is a 26-item Likert scale. Quality of life is assessed over four domains: physical health, psychological health, social relationships and environment. The score ranges from 1 to 5. Using the equation for computing domain scores, transformed scores were obtained from the raw scores. The scores were interpreted as follows: 1–20 – very poor, 21–40 – poor, 41–60 – moderate, 61–80 – good and 81–100 – very good.


  Results and Discussion Top


A total of 123 participants filled the survey. Due to faulty response technique, one response was invalid. The final respondent number was 122. Majority of the respondents were males (57.4%), were between 18 and 27 years (84.4%), were undergraduates, never married (87.7%) and did not suffer from any physical illness (86.1%) [Table 1].
Table 1: Demographic profile

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Majority of the participants had moderate and good quality of life in physical health (46.7% and 47.5%, respectively), moderate quality of life in psychological domain (46.7%), moderate quality of life in social relationship domain (38.5%) and good quality of life in domain on environment (53.3%) [Table 2]. Domain 3, i.e., social relationship was significantly associated with physical illness (P = 0.013). Quality of life was not significantly associated with other demographic factors. For the e-survey amongst the general public, only individuals with internet facility were able to participate. The individuals who responded were educated. Moreover, this may be the factor contributing to good quality of life as they would have better understanding about the pandemic, lockdown and the initiatives taken to combat COVID-19.
Table 2: Level of quality of life domains

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Similar study should be conducted amongst the migrant workers, the daily wage labourers, individuals with chronic illness, individuals exposed to COVID-19, individuals tested positive for COVID-19 and individuals recovered from COVID-19 in order to have a better understanding on COVID-19 and quality of life.


  Conclusion Top


During lockdown, majority of the respondents reported moderate-to-good quality of life in all four domains. Domain 3 which is concerned with social relationship was significantly associated with physical illness.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Chen KY, Li T, Gong FH, Zhang JS, Li XK. Predictors of health-related quality of life and influencing factors for COVID-19 patients, a follow-up at one month. Front Psychiatry 2020;11:668.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Greco F, Altieri VM, Esperto F, Mirone V, Scarpa RM. Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Health-Related Quality of Life in Uro-oncologic Patients: What Should We Wait For? Clin Genitourin Cancer. 2020 Jul 17:S1558-7673(20)30168-3. doi: 10.1016/j.clgc.2020.07.008.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Ping W, Zheng J, Niu X, Guo C, Zhang J, Yang H, et al. Evaluation of health-related quality of life using EQ-5D in China during the COVID-19 pandemic. PLoS One 2020;15:e0234850.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Samlani Z, Lemfadli Y, Errami AA, Oubaha S, Krati K. The impact of the COVID 19 pandemic on quality of life and well being in Morocco. Preprints 2020, 2020060287. doi: 10.20944/preprints202006.0287.v1.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Bargon CA, Batenburg MC, van Stam LE, Mink van der Molen DR, van Dam IE, van der Leij F, et al. Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on patient-reported outcomes of breast cancer patients and survivors. JNCI Cancer Spectr 2021;5:pkaa104.  Back to cited text no. 5
    



 
 
    Tables

  [Table 1], [Table 2]



 

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